计算机专业英语词汇大全

A

(Active-matrix)主动矩阵(Adapter cards)适配卡

(Advanced application)高级应用(Analytical graph)分析图表

(Analyze)分析(Animations)动画

(Application software) 应用软件(Arithmetic operations)算术运算

(Audio-output device)音频输出设备(Access time)存取时间

(access)存取(accuracy)准确性(ad network cookies)广告网络信息记录软件(administrator)管理员

(Add-ons)插件(Address)地址(Agents)代理(Analog signals)模拟信号

(Applets)程序(Asynchronous communications port)异步通信端口

(Attachment)附件AGP(accelerated graphics port)加速图形接口

ALU (arithmetic-logic unit)算术逻辑单元AAT(Average Access Time) 平均存取时间

ACL(Access Control Lists)访问控制表ACK(acknowledgement character)确认字符

ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)高级配置和电源接口

ADC(Analog to Digital Converter) 模数转换器ADSL(Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line)非对称用户数字线路

ADT(Abstract Data Type) 抽象数据类型AGP(Accelerated Graphics Port)图形加速端口

AI(Artif icial Intelligence)人工智能AIFF(Audio Image File Format)声音图像文件格式

ALU(Arithmetic Logical Unit) 算术逻辑单元AM(Amplitude Modulation)调幅

ANN(Artificial Neural Network) 人工神经网络ANSI(American National Standard Institute)美国国家标准协会

API(Application Programming Interface)应用程序设计接口

APPN(Advanced Peer-to-Peer Network)高级对等网络ARP(Address Resolution Protocol)地址分辨/ 转换协议

ARPG(Action Role Playing Game)动作角色扮演游戏

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)美国信息交换标准代码

ASP(Active Server Page)活动服务器网页ASP(Application Service Provider)应用服务提供商

AST(Average Seek Time)平均访问时间ATM(asynchronous transfer mode)异步传输模式

ATR (Automatic Target Recognition) 自动目标识别AVI (Audio Video Interleaved)声音视频接口

B

(Bar code)条形码(Bar code reader)条形码读卡器(Basic application)基础程序

(Binary coding schemes)二进制编码方案(Binary system)二进制系统(Bit)比特

(Browser)浏览器(Bus line)总线(Backup tape cartridge units)备份磁带盒单元

(Bandwidth)带宽(Bluetooth)蓝牙(Broadband)宽带(Bus)总线

B2B(Busines s to Business)商业机构对商业机构的电子商务

B2C(Business to Consumer)商业机构对消费者的电子商务

BBS(bulletin board system)电子公告牌系统

BER(Bit Error Rate)误码率BFS (Breadth First Search) 广度优先搜索

BGP(Border Gateway Protocol)边缘网关协议BIOS(basic input/output system)基本输入输出系统

BISDN(Broadband- Integrated Services Digital Network)宽带综合业务数字网

BLU(Basic Link Unit)基本链路单元BOF(Beginning Of File)文件开头

BPS(Bits Per Second)每秒比特数BRI(Basic Rate Interface)基本速率接口

BSP(Byte Stream Protocol)字节流协议BSS(Broadband Switching System)宽带交换系统

C

(Cables)连线(Cell)单元箱(Chain printer)链式打印机(Character and recognition device)字符标识识别设备

(Chart)图表(Chassis)支架(Chip)芯片(Clarity)清晰度(Closed architecture)封闭式体系结构(Column)列

(Combination key)结合键(computer competency)计算机能力

(connectivity)连接,结点(Continuous-speech recognition system)连续语言识别系统

(Control unit)操纵单元(Cordless or wireless mouse)无线鼠标

(Cable modems)有线调制解调器(Channel)信道(Chat group)谈话群组(Client)客户端

(Coaxial cable)同轴电缆(cold site)冷网站(Commerce servers)商业服务器

(Communication channel)信道(Communication systems)信息系统

CD(Compact disc)光盘(computer abuse amendments act of 19941994)计算机滥用法案

(computer crime)计算机犯罪(computer ethics)计算机道德

(computer fraud and abuse act of 1986)计算机欺诈和滥用法案

(computer matching and privacy protection act of 1988)计算机查找和隐私保护法案

(Computer network)计算机网络(computer support specialist)计算机支持专家

(computer technician)计算机技术人员(computer trainer)计算机教师(Connection device)连接设备

(Connectivity)连接(cookies-cutter programs)信息记录截取程序

(cookies)信息记录程序(cracker)解密高手(Cyber cash)电子货币(Cyberspace)计算机空间

(chart)图表(closed architecture )封闭式体系结构

C2C(Consumer-to-consumer)个人对个人CPU (central processing unit)中央处理器

CISC (complex instruction set computer)复杂指令集计算机

CRT( cathode-ray tube)阴极射线管AD(Computer Aided Design)计算机辅助设计

CAE(Computer-Aided Engineering)计算机辅助工程CAI(Computer Aided Instruction)计算机辅助教学

CAM(Computer Aided Manufacturing)计算机辅助管理

CASE(Computer Assisted Software Engineering)计算机辅助软件工程

CAT(Computer Aided Test)计算机辅助测试

CATV(Community Antenna Television)有线电视CB(control bus)控制总线

CCP(Communication Control Procrssor)通信控制处理机CD(Compact Disc)压缩光盘,只读光盘

CD-R(Compact Disc-Recordable)可录光盘,只写一次的光盘

CDFS(Compact Disk File System)密集磁盘文件系统CDMA(Code Division Multiple Access)码分多路访问

CD-MO(Compact Disc-Magneto Optical)磁光式光盘CD-ROM(compact disc read-only memory)只读光盘

CD-RW(compact disc rewritable)可读写光盘

CGA(Color Graphics Adapter)彩色显示器CGI(common gateway interface)公共网关接口

CI(Computational Intelligence)计算智能CISC(Complex Instruction Set Computer) 复杂指令集计算机

CMOS(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor)互补金属氧化物半导体存储器

COM(Component object model)组件对象模型

CORBA(Common Object Request Broker Architecture)公共对象请求代理结构

CPU(central proces sing unit)中央处理单元CRC(cyclical redundancy check)循环冗余校验码

CRM(Client Relation Management)客户关系管理CRT(Cathode-Ray Tube)阴极射线管,显示器

CSMA(Carrier Sense Multi -Access)载波侦听多路访问

CSU(Channel Service Unit)信道服务单元CU(Control Unit)控制单元

D

domain:范围,领域;领土,疆土;管辖范围;[计]域名

DB(Database)数据库(database files)数据库文件(Database manager)数据库管理

DBMS(Database manager system)数据库管理系统(Data bus)数据总线(Data projector)数码放映机

(Desktop system unit)台式电脑系统单元(Destination file)目标文件(Digital cameras)数码照相机

(Digital notebooks)数字笔记本(Digital video camera)数码摄影机

(Discrete-speech recognition system)不连续语言识别系统(Document)文档

(document files)文档文件(Dot-matrix printer)点矩阵式打印机

(Dual-scan monitor)双向扫描显示器(Dumb terminal)非智能终端(data security)数据安全

(Data transmission specifications)数据传输说明(database administrator)数据库管理员

(Data play)数字播放器(Demodulation)解调(denial of service attack)拒绝服务攻击

(Dial-up service)拨号服务(Digital cash)数字现金(Digital signals)数字信号

(Digital subscriber line)数字用户线路(Digital versatile disc)数字化通用磁盘

(Digital video disc)数字化视频光盘(Direct access)直接存取(Directory search)目录搜索

(disaster recovery plan)灾难恢复计划(Disk caching)磁盘驱动器高速缓存(Diskette)磁盘

(Disk)磁碟(Distributed data processing system)分部数据处理系统

(Distributed processing)分布处理(Domain code)域代码

(Downloading)下载DVD(Digital Versatile Disc)数字多功能光盘

DVD-R(DVD-Recordable)可写DVDDVD-RAM(DVD- Random Access Memory)DVD随机存取器

DNS(Domain name system)域名服务器DAC(Digital to Analogue Converter)数模转换器

DAO(Data Access Object)数据访问对象DAP(Directory Acces s Protocol)目录访问协议

DBMS(Database Management System)数据库管理系统DCE(data communication equipment)数据通信设备

DCE(Distributed Computing Environment)分布式计算环境

DCOM(Distributed COM)分布式组件对象模型DDB(Distributed DataBase)分布式数据库

DDE(Dynamic Data Exchange)动态数据交换DDI(Device Driver Interface)设备驱动程序接口

DDK(Driver Development Kit)驱动程序开发工具包DDN(Data Digital Network)数据数字网

DEC(Digital Equipment Corporation)数字设备公司

DES(Data Encryption Standard)数据加密标准

DFS(Depth First Search) 深度优先搜索DFS(Distributed File System)分布式文件系统

DHCP(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)动态主机配置协议

DIB(Dual Independent Bus)双独立总线DIC(Digital Image Control)数字图像控制

DLC(Data Link Control)数据链路控制DLL(Dynamic Link Library)动态链接库

DLT(Data Link Terminal)数据链路终端DMA(Direct Memory Access)直接内存访问

DMSP(Distributed Mail System Protocol)分布式电子邮件系统协议

DNS(Domain Name System)域名系统DOM(Document Object Mode)文档对象模型

DOS(Disk Operation System)磁盘操作系统

DQDB(Distributed Queue Dual Bus)分布式队列双总线

DRAM(Dynamic Random Access Memory)动态随机存取存储器

DSD(Direct Stream Digital)直接数字信号流DSL(Digital Subscriber Line)数字用户线路

DSM(Distributed Shared Memory)分布式共享内存

DSP(Digital Signal Processing)数字信号处理DTE(Data Terminal Equipment)数据终端设备

DVD(Digital Versatile Disc)数字多功能盘

DVD-ROM(DVD-Read Only Memory)计算机用只读光盘

DVI(Digital Video Interactive)数字视频交互

E

(e-book)电子阅读器(Expansion cards)扩展卡(end user)终端用户(e-cash)电子现金

(e-commerce)电子商务(electronic cash)电子现金(electronic commerce)电子商务

(electronic communications privacy act of1986)电子通信隐私法案

(encrypting)加密术(energy star)能源之星

(Enterprise computing)企业计算化(environment)环境

(Erasable optical disks)可擦除式光盘(ergonomics)人类工程学

(ethics)道德规范(External modem)外置调制解调器

(extranet)企业外部网EC(Embedded Controller)嵌入式控制器

EDIF(Electronic Data Interchange Format)电子数据交换格式

EEPROM(Erasable and Electrically Programmable ROM)电擦除可编程只读存储器

EGA(Enhanced Graphics Adapter)彩色显示器,分辨率为 640×350 ,可以显示 16 种颜色

EGP(External Gateway Protocol)外部网关协议

EISA(Extended Industry Standard Architecture)增强工业标准结构

EMS(Expanded Memory Specification)扩充存储器规范

EPH(Electronic payment Handler)电子支付处理系统

EPROM(Erasable Programmable ROM)可擦除可编程只读存储器

ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning)企业资源计划

ETM(ExTended Memory)扩展存储器

F

(Fax machine)传真机(Field)域(Find)搜索(FireWire port)火线端口

(Firmware)固件(Flash RAM)闪存(Flatbed scanner)台式扫描器

(Flat-panel monitor)纯平显示器(floppy disk)软盘

(Formatting toolbar)格式化工具条

(Formula)公式(Forum)论坛(Function)函数

(fair credit reporting act of 1970)公平信用报告法案

(Fiber-optic cable)光纤电缆(File compression)文件压缩

(File decompression)文件解压缩(filter)过滤

(firewall)防火墙(firewall)防火墙(Fixed disk)固定硬盘

(Flash memory)闪存(Flexible disk)可折叠磁盘

(Floppies)磁盘(Floppy-disk cartridge)磁盘盒

(Formatting)格式化(freedom of information act of 1970)信息自由法案

(frequency)频率(frustrated)受挫折(Full-duplex communication)全双通通信

FAT(File Allocation Table)文件分配表FCB(File Control Block)文件控制块

FCFS(First Come First Service)先到先服务

FCS(Frame Check Sequence)帧校验序列FDD(Floppy Disk Device)软盘驱动器

FDDI(Fiber-optic Data Distribution Inter face)光纤数据分布接口

FDM(Frequency-Division Multiplexing)频分多路

FDMA(Frequency Division Multiple Address)频分多址

FEC(Forward Error Correction) 前向纠错FEK(File Encryption Key)文件密钥

FEP(Front Ef fect Processor)前端处理机

FET(Field Effect Transistor)场效应晶体管FIFO(First In First Out)先进先出

FM(Frequency Modulation)频率调制FPU(Float Point Unit)浮点部件

FRC(Frame Rate Control)帧频控制

FTAM(File Transfer Access and Management)文件传输访问和管理

FTP(File Transfer Protocol)文件传输协议

G

(General-purpose application)通用运用程序

(Gigahertz)千兆赫(Graphic tablet)绘图板

(green pc)绿色个人计算机(Group by) 排序

GAL(General Array Logic)通用逻辑阵列

GCR(Group-Coded Recording)成组编码记录

GDI(Graphics Device Interface)图形设备接口

GIF(Graphics Interchange Format)一种图片文件格式,图形转换格式

GIS(Geographic Information System)地理信息系统

GPI(Graphical Programming Interface)图形编程接口

GPIB(General Purpose Interface Bus)通用接口总线

GPS(Global Positioning System)全球定位系统

GSX(Graphics System Extension)图形系统扩展

GUI(Graphical User Interface)图形用户接口

H

(handheld computer)手提电脑

(Hard copy)硬拷贝

(hard disk)硬盘

(hardware)硬件

(Help)帮助

(Host computer)主机

(Home page)主页

(Hyperlink)超链接

(hacker)黑客

(Half-duplex communication)半双通通信

(Hard-disk cartridge)硬盘盒

(Hard-disk pack)硬盘组

(Head crash)磁头碰撞

(header)标题

(help desk specialist)帮助办公专家

(helper applications)帮助软件

(Hierarchical network)层次型网络

(history file)历史文件

(hits)匹配记录

(horizontal portal)横向用户

(hot site)热网站

(Hybrid network)混合网络

HPSB (high performance serial bus)高性能串行总线

HDTV(high-definition television)高清晰度电视

HDC(Hard Disk Control)硬盘控制器

HDD(Hard Disk Drive)硬盘驱动器

HDLC(High-level Data Link Control)高级数据链路控制

HEX(HEXadecimal)十六进制

HPFS(High Performance File System)高性能文件系统

HPSB(High Performance Serial Bus)高性能串行总线

HTML(Hyper Text Markup Language)超文本标记语言

HTTP(Hyper Text Transport Protocol)超文本传输协议

I

(Image capturing device)图像获取设备

IT(information technology)信息技术

(Ink-jet printer)墨水喷射印刷机

(Integrated package)综合性组件

(Intelligent termina)l智能终端设备

(Intergrated circuit)集成电路

(implements )实现接口

(Interface cards)接口卡

(Internal modem)内部调制解调器

(internet telephony)网络电话

(internet terminal)互联网终端

(Identification)识别

(i-drive)网络硬盘驱动器

(illusion of anonymity)匿名幻想

(index search)索引搜索

(information pushers)信息推送器

(initializing )初始化

(instant messaging)计时信息

(internal hard disk)内置硬盘

(Internet hard drive) 网络硬盘驱动器

(intranet)企业内部网

ISA (industry standard architecture)工业标准结构体系

IRC(internet relay chat)互联网多线交谈

IAC(Inter-Application Communications)应用间通信

IC(Integrated Circuit)集成电路

ICMP(Internet Control Mes sage Protocol)因特网控制消息协议

ICP(Internet Content Provider)因特网内容服务提供商,是 ISP中提供信息服务的一种机构

IDC(International Development Center)国际开发中心

IDE(Integrated Development Environment)集成开发环境

IDL(Interface Definition Language)接口定义语言

IEEE(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering)电子电器工程师协会

IGP(Interior Gateway Protocol) 内部网关协议

IIS(Internet Information Service)因特网信息服务

IP(Internet Protocol)因特网协议

IPC(Inter-Process Communication)进程间通信

IPSE(Integrated Project Support Environments)集成工程支持环境

IPX(Internet Packer Exchitecture)互联网报文分组交换

ISA(Industry Standard Architecture)工业标准结构,是 IBM PC/ XT总线标准

ISDN(Integrated Service Digital Network)综合业务数字网

ISO(International Standard Organization)国际标准化组织

ISP(Internet Service Provider)因特网服务提供者

ITU(International Telecom Union)国际电信联盟

J

(joystick)操纵杆

JDBC(Java Database Connectivity) J ava数据库互联

JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group)联合图片专家组

JSP(Java Server Page) Java 服务器页面技术

JVM(Java Virtual Machine)Java虚拟机

K

(keyword search)关键字搜索

KB(Kilobyte)千字节

KBPS(Kilobits Per Second)每秒千比特

KMS(Knowledge Management System)知识管理系统

L

(laser printer)激光打印机

(Layout files)版式文件

(Light pen)光笔

(Locate)定位

(Logical operations)逻辑运算

(Lands)凸面

(Line of sight communication)视影通信

(Low bandwidth)低带宽

(lurking)潜伏

LCD (liquid crystal display monitor)液晶显示器

LAN(Local Area Network)局域网

LBA(Logical Block Addressing)逻辑块寻址

LCD(Liquid Crystal Display)液晶显示器

LDT(Logic Design Translator)逻辑设计翻译程序

LED(Light Emitting Diode)发光二极管

LIFO(Last In First Out)后进先出

LP(Linear Programming)线性规划

LPC(Local Procedure Call)局部过程调用

LSIC(Large Scale Integration Circuit)大规模集成电路

M

(Main board)主板

(Mark sensing)标志检测

(Mechanical mouse)机械鼠标

(Memory)内存

(Menu)菜单

(Menu bar)菜单栏

(Microprocessor)微处理器

(Microseconds)微秒

(Modem card)调制解调器

(Monitor)显示器

(Motherboard)主板

(Mouse) 鼠标

(Multifunctional device)多功能设备

(Magnetic tape reels)磁带卷

(Magnetic tape streamers)磁带条

(mailing list)邮件列表

(Medium band)媒质带宽

(metasearch engine)整合搜索引擎

(Microwave)微波

(Modem)解调器

(Modulation)解调

MAN(Metropolitan area network)城域网

MICR(magnetic-ink character recognition)磁墨水字符识别器

MAC(Medium Access Control)介质访问控制

MAN(Metropolitan Area Network)城域网

MBR(Master Boot Record)主引导记录

MC(Memory Card)存储卡片

MCA(Micro Channel Architecture)微通道结构

MDA(Monochrome Display Adapter)单色显示适配卡

MFM(Modified Frequency Modulation)改进调频制

MIB(Management Information Bass)管理信息库

MIDI(Musical Instrument Digital Interface) 乐器数字接口

MIMD(Multiple Instruction Stream,Multiple Data Stream)多指令流,多数据流

MIPS(Million Instructions Per Second)每秒百万条指令

MIS(Management Information System)管理信息系统

MISD(Multiple Instruction Stream,Single Data Stream)多指令流,单数据流

MMDS(Multi-channel Multipoint Distribution Service)多波段多点分发服务器

MMU(Memory Management Unit)内存管理单元

MPC(Multimedia PC)多媒体计算机

MPEG(Moving Picture Expert Group) 一种视频和音频的国际标准格式

MPLS(Multi-Protocol Label Switching)多协议标记交换

MPS(Micro Processor System)微处理器系列

MTBF(Mean Time Between Failures)平均故障间隔时间

MUD(Multiple User Dimension)多用户空间

N

(Net PC)网络计算机

(Network adapter card)网卡

(Network personal computer)网络个人电脑

(Network terminal)网络终端

(Notebook computer)笔记本电脑

(Notebook system unit)笔记本系统单元

(Numeric entry)数字输入

(national information infrastructure protection act of1996)国际信息保护法案

(national service provider)全国性服务供应商

(Network architecture)网络体系结构

(Network bridge)网桥

(Network gateway)网关

(network manager)网络管理员

(newsgroup)新闻组

(no electronic theft act of1997)无电子盗窃法

(Node)节点

(Nonvolatile storage)非易失性存储

NOS(Network operation system)网络操作系统

NAOC(No-Account Over Clock)无效超频

NAT(Network Address Translation) 网络地址转换

NC(Network Computer)网络计算机

NDIS(Network Device Interface Speci fication)网络设备接口规范

NCM(Neural Cognitive Maps)神经元认知图

NFS(Network File System)网络文件系统

NIS(Network Information Services)网络信息服务

NNTP(Network News Transfer Protocol)网络新闻传输协议

NOC(Network Operations Center) 网络操作中心

NSP(Name Server Protocol)名字服务器协议

NTP(Network Time Protocol)网络时间协议

NUI(network user identification)网络用户标识

O

(Object embedding)对象嵌入

(Object linking)目标链接

(Open architecture)开放式体系结构

OS(Operation System)操作系统

(Optical disk)光盘

(Optical mouse)光电鼠标

(Optical scanner)光电扫描仪

(Outline)大纲

(off-line browsers)离线浏览器

(Online storage)联机存储

OLE (object linking and embedding)对象链接入

OCR(optical-character recognition)字符识别器

OMR(optical-mark recognition)光标阅读器

OA(Of f ice Automation)办公自动化

OCR(Optical Character Recognition)光学字符识别

ODBC(Open Database Connectivity)开放式数据库互联

ODI(Open Data- link Interface)开放式数据链路接口

OEM(Original Equipment Manufactures)原始设备制造厂家

OLE(Object Linking and Embedding)对象链接与嵌入

OMG(Object Management Group)对象管理组织

OMR(Optical-Mark Recognition)光标阅读器

OOM(Object Oriented Method)面向对象方法

OOP(Object Oriented Programming)面向对象程序设计

ORB(Object Request Broker)对象请求代理

OS(Operating System)操作系统

OSI(Open System Interconnect Reference Model)开放式系统互联参考模型

OSPF(Open Shortest Path First)开发最短路径优先

P

(palmtop computer)掌上电脑

(Parallel ports)并行端口

(Passive-matrix)被动矩阵

(PC card)个人计算机卡

(Personal laser printer)个人激光打印机

(Personal video recorder card)个人视频记录卡

(Photo printer)照片打印机

(Pixel)像素

(Platform scanner)平版式扫描仪

(Plotter)绘图仪

(Plug and play)即插即用

(Plug-in boards)插件卡

(Pointer)指示器

(Pointing stick)指示棍

(Port)端口

(Portable scanner)便携式扫描仪

(Presentation files)演示文稿

(Presentation graphics)电子文稿程序

(Primary storage)主存

(Procedures)规程

(Processor)处理机

(Programming control language)程序控制语言

(Packets)数据包

(Parallel data transmission)平行数据传输

(Peer-to-peer network system点)对点网络系统

(person-person auction site)个人对个人拍卖站点

(physical security)物理安全

(Pits)凹面

(plug-in)插件程序

(privacy )隐私权

(proactive )主动地

(programmer)程序员

(Protocols)协议

(provider)供应商

(project )项目 工程

(proxy server)代理服务

(pull products)推取程序

(push products)推送程序

PDA(personal digital assistant)个人数字助理

PCI(peripheral component interconnect)外部设备互连总线

PCMCIA (Personal Memory Card International Association)个人计算机存储卡国际协会

PBX(Private Branch Exchange)用户级交换机

PC(Personal Computer)个人计算机

PCB(Process Control Block)进程控制块

PCI(Peripheral Component Interconnect)外部连接互联,是一种局部总线

PCM(Pulse Code Modulation)脉冲编码调制

PCS(Personal Communications Service) 个人通信业务

PDA(Personal Digital As sistant)个人数字助理

PDF(Portable Document Format)便携式文档格式

PDN(Public Data Network)公共数据网

PHP(Personal Home Page)个人网页

PIB(Programmable Input Buffer)可编程输入缓冲区

PMMU(Paged Memory Management Unit)页面存储管理单元

POP(Post Of f ice Protocol)邮局协议

POST(Power-On Self -Test)加电自检

PPP(Peer-Peer Protocol)端对端协议

PPP(Point to Point Protocol)点到点协议

PPSN(Public Packed-Switched Network)公用分组交换网

PR(Performance Rate)性能比率

PROM(Programmable ROM)可编程只读存储器

PSN(Processor Serial Number)处理器序列号

Q

QC(Quality Control)质量控制

QLP(Query Language Proces sor)查询语言处理器

QoS(Quality of Service)服务质量

R

(RAM cache)随机高速缓冲器

(Range)范围

(Record)记录

(Relational database)关系数据库

(Replace)替换

(Resolution)分辨率

(Row)行

(Read-only)只读

(Reformatting)重组

(regional service provider)区域性服务供应商

(reverse directory)反向目录

(right to financial privacy act of 1979)财产隐私法案

(Ring network)环形网

RAD(Rapid Application Development)快速应用开发

RAI(Remote Application Interface)远程应用程序界面

RAID(Redundant Array Independent Disk) 冗余列阵磁盘机

RARP(Reverse Address Resolution Protocol)反向地址解析协议

RAM(Random Acces s Memory)随机存储器

RAM(Real Address Mode)实地址模式

RAID(Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks)冗余磁盘阵列技术

RAS(Remote Access Service)远程访问服务

RCP(Remote CoPy)远程复制

RDA(Remote Data Access)远程数据访问

RDO (Remote Data Objects) 远程数据对象

RF(Radio Frequency) 射频,无线电频率

RIP(Raster Image Protocol)光栅图像处理器

RIP(Routing Information Protocol)路由选择信息协议

RISC(Reduced Instruction Set Computer)精简指令集计算机

ROM(Read Only Memory)只读存储器

RPC(Remote Procedure Call)远程过程调用

RPG(Role Play Games)角色扮演游戏

RPM(Revolutions Per Minute)转/分

RTS(Request To Send)请求发送

RTSP(Real Time Streaming Protocol) 实时流协议

S

(Scanner)扫描器

(Search)查找

(Secondary storage device)辅助存储设备

(Semiconductor)半导体

(Serial ports)串行端口

(Server)服务器

(Shared laser printer)共享激光打印机

(shakedown test )调试

(Sheet)表格

(Silicon chip)硅片

(Slots)插槽

(Smart card)智能卡

(Soft copy)软拷贝

(Software suite)软件协议

(Sorting)排序

(Source file)源文件

(Special-purpose application)专用文件

(Spreadsheet)电子数据表

(Standard toolbar)标准工具栏

(Supercomputer)巨型机

(System )系统

(System cabinet )系统箱

(System clock)时钟

(System software)系统软件

(Satellite/air connection services)卫星无线连接服务

(search engines)搜索引擎

(search providers)搜索供应者

(search services )搜索服务器

(Sectors)扇区

(security)安全

(Sending and receiving devices)发送接收设备

(Sequential access)顺序存取

(Serial data transmission)单向通信

(signature line)签名档

(snoopware)监控软件

(software copyright act of1980)软件版权法案

(software piracy)软件盗版

(Solid-state storage)固态存储器

(specialized search engine)专用搜索引擎

(spiders)网页爬虫

(spike)尖峰电压

(Star network)星型网

(Strategy)方案

(subject)主题

(subscription address)预定地址

(Superdisk)超级磁盘

(surfing)网上冲浪

(surgeprotector)浪涌保护器

(systems analyst)系统分析师...

SACL(System Access Control List) 系统访问控制列表

SAF(Store And Forward)存储转发

SAP(Service Acces s Point)服务访问点

SCSI(Small Computer System Interface)小型计算机系统接口

SDLC(Synchronous Data Link Control)同步数据链路控制

SGML(Standard Generalized Markup Language)标准通用标记语言

SHTTP(Secure Hype Text Transfer Protocol)安全超文本传递协议

SMP(Symmetric Multi-Processor)对称式多处理器

SMTP(Simple Mail Transport Protocol)简单邮件传输协议

SNA(System Network Architecture)系统网络结构

SNMP(Simple Network Management Protocol)简单网络管理协议

SNR(Signal Noise Ratio)信噪比

SNTP(Simple Network Time Protocol)简单网络时间协议

SONC(System On a Chip)系统集成芯片

SONET(Synchronous Optic Network)同步光纤网

SPC(Stored-Program Control)存储程序控制

SQL(Structured Query Language)结构化查询语言

SRAM(Static Random Access Memory)静态随机存储器

SRPG(Strategies Role Play Games) 战略角色扮演游戏

SSL(Secure Sockets Layer) 安全套接层

STDM(Synchronous Time Division Multiplexing)同步时分复用

STG(Shoot Game)射击类游戏

STP(Shielded Twisted-Pair)屏蔽双绞线

SVGA (Super Video Graphics Array) 超级视频图形阵列

T

(Table)二维表

(Telephony)电话学

(Television boards)电视扩展卡

(Terminal) 终端

(Template)模板

(Text entry)文本输入

(Thermal printer )热印刷

(Thin client)瘦客

(Toggle key)触发键

(Toolbar)工具栏

(Touch screen)触摸屏

(Trackball)球

(TV tuner card)电视调谐卡

(Two-state system))双状态系统

(technical writer)技术协作者

(technostress)重压技术

(telnet)远程登录

(Time-sharing system)分时系统

(Topology)拓扑结构

(Tracks)磁道

(traditional cookies)传统的信息记录程序

(Twisted pair)双绞

TCB(Transmission Control Block)传输控制块

TCP(Transmis sion Control Protocol)传输控制协议

TCP/IP(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol)传输控制协议/ 网间协议

TDM(Time Division Multiplexing)时分多路复用

TDMA(Time Division Multiplexing Address)时分多址技术

TDR(Time-Domain Reflectometer)时间域反射测试仪

TFT(Thin Film Transistor Monitor)薄膜晶体管显示器

TFTP(Trivial File Transfer Protocol)简单文件传送协议

TIFF(Tag Image File Format)标记图形文件格式

TIG(Task Interaction Graph)任务交互图

TLI(Transport Layer Interface)传输层接口

TM(Traffic Management)业务量管理,流量管理

TPS(Transactions Per Second)(系统)每秒可处理的交易数

TSR(Terminate and Stay Resident)终止并驻留

TTL(Transistor-Transistor Logic)晶体管—晶体管逻辑电路

TWX(Teletypewriter Exchange)电传电报交换机

U

(Unicode)统一字符标准

(uploading)上传

(usenet)世界性新闻组网络

UART(Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter)通用异步收发器

UDF(Universal Disk Format)通用磁盘格式

UDP(User Datagram Protocol)用户数据报协议

UHF(Ultra High Frequency)超高频

UI(User Interface)用户界面,用户接口

UIMS(User Interface Management System)用户接口管理程序

UNI(User Network Interface)用户网络接口

UPA(Ultra Port Architecture)超级端口结构

UPS(Uninterruptible Power Supply)不间断电源

URI(Uniform Resource Identi fier)环球资源标识符

URL(Uniform Resource Locator)统一资源定位器

USB(Universal Serial Bus)通用串行总线

UTP(Unshielded Twisted-Pair)非屏蔽双绞线

UXGA(Ultra Extended Graphics Array)超强图形阵列

V

(Virtual memory)虚拟内存(Video display screen)视频显示屏

(Voice recognition system)声音识别系统(vertical portal)纵向门户

(video privacy protection act of 1988)视频隐私权保护法案

(virus checker)病毒检测程序(virus)病毒

(Voiceband)音频带宽(Volatile storage)易失性存储(voltage surge)电涌

VAD(Virtual Addres s Descriptors)虚拟地址描述符VAGP(Variable Aperature Grille Pitch) 可变间距光栅

VAN(Value Added Network)增值网络VAP(Value-Added Process)增值处理VAS(Value-Added Server)增值服务

VAX(Virtual Address eXtension)虚拟地址扩充VBR(Variable Bit Rate)可变比特率

VC(Virtual Circuit)虚拟线路VCPI(Virtual Control Program Interface)虚拟控制程序接口

VDD(Virtual Device Driver s)虚拟设备驱动程序VDR(Video Disc Recorder)光盘录像机

VDT(Video Display Terminals)视频显示终端VDU(Visual Display Unit)视频显示单元

VFS(Virtual File System)虚拟文件系统VGA(Video Graphics Adapter)视频图形适配器

VIS(Video Information System)视频信息系统

VLAN(Virtual LAN)虚拟局域网VLIW(Very Long Instruction Word)超长指令字

VLSI(Very Large Scale Integration)超大规模集成VMS(Virtual Memory System)虚拟存储系统

VOD(Video On Demand)视频点播系统VON(Voice On Net)网上通话

VPN(Virtual Private Network)虚拟专用网VR(Virtual Reality)虚拟现实

VRML(Virtual Reality Modeling Language)虚拟现实建模语言VRR(Vertical Refresh Rate)垂直刷新率

VTP(Virtual Terminal Protocol)虚拟终端协议

W

(Wand reader )条形码读入(Web )网络(Web appliance )环球网设备(Web page)网页

(Web site address)网络地址(Web terminal)环球网终端

(Webcam)摄像头(What-if analysis)假定分析

(Wireless revolution)无线革命(Word)字长(Word processing)文字处理

(Word wrap)自动换行(Worksheet file) 工作文件

(web auctions)网上拍卖(web broadcasters)网络广播

(web portals)门户网站(web sites)网站(web storefront creation packages)网上商店创建包

(web storefronts)网上商店(web utilities)网上应用程序

(web-downloading utilities)网页下载应用程序(webmaster web)站点管理员(web)万维网

(Wireless modems)无线调制解调器(wireless service provider)无线服务供应商

WWW(world wide web)万维网(worm)蠕虫病毒(Write-protect notch)写保护口

WAN(Wide area network)广域网(Web server)Web 服务器

(well-connected )连接良好(well-known services )公认的服务

(wildcard character)通配符(wildcarding )通配符方式

(window menu )窗口菜单(Windows 2000 Task Manager)Windows 2000任务管理器

WINS(Windows Internet Name Service)Windows Internet 命名服务

WMI(Windows Management Instrumentation) Windows 管理规范

(Windows Media Services)Windows Media 服务

(WINS proxy)WINS 代理(WINS resource )WINS 资源(wireless communication )无线通讯

WMI(Windows Management Instrumentation ) Windows 管理规范

(workgroup)工作组WAN(Wide Area Network)广域网

WAE(Wireles s Application Environment)无线应用环境

WAIS(Wide Area Information Service)广义信息服务,数据库检索工具

WAP(Wireles s Application Protocol)无线应用协议

WAV(Wave Audio Format)非压缩的音频格式文件

WDM(Wavelength Division Multiplexing)波分多路复用

WDP(Wireless Datagram Protocol)无线数据包协议

WFW(Windows for Workgroups)工作组窗口

WML(Wireles s Markup Language)无线标记语言

WMP(Windows Media Player)Windows媒体播放器

WORM(Write Once, Read Many time)写一次读多次光盘

WWW(World Wide Web)万维网WYSIWYG(What You See Is What You Get)所见即所得

X

(X.509v3 certificat) X.509证书

XOR(exclusive OR)异或

XGA(eXtended Graphics Array)扩展图形阵列

XML(eXtensible Markup Language)可扩展标记语言

XMS(eXtended Memory Speci fication)扩展存储器规范

XQL(eXtensible Query Language)可扩展查询语言

XSL(eXtensible Stylesheet Language) 可扩展样式表语言

Z

(zone )区域(zone list) 区域列表(zone transfer)区域传送(Zip disk)压缩磁盘

ZA(Zero and Add)清零与加指令ZBR(Zone Bit Recording)零位记录制

data 数据 
data connection 数据连接 (for database) 
Data Control Language (DCL) 
数据控制语言(DCL) (for database) 
Data Definition Language (DDL) 数据定义语言(DDL) (for database) 
data dictionary 数据字典 (for database) 
data dictionary view 数据字典视图 (for database) 
data file 数据文件 (for database) 
data integrity 数据完整性 (for database) 
data manipulation language (DML)数据操作语言(DML) (for database) 
data mart 数据集市 (for database) 
data pump 数据抽取 (for database) 
data scrubbing 数据清理 (for database) 
data source 数据源 (for database) 
Data source name (DSN) 数据源名称(DSN) (for database) 
data warehouse 数据仓库 (for database) 
dataset 数据集 (for database) 
database 数据库 (for database) 
database catalog 数据库目录 (for database) 
database diagram 数据关系图 (for database) 
database file 数据库文件 (for database) 
database object 数据库对象 (for database) 
database owner 数据库所有者 (for database) 
database project 数据库工程 (for database) 
database role 数据库角色 (for database) 
database schema 数据库模式、数据库架构 (for database) 
database scrīpt 数据库脚本 (for database) 
data-bound 数据绑定 (for database) 
data-aware control数据感知控件 (for database) 
data member 数据成员、成员变量 
dataset 数据集 (for database) 
data source 数据源 (for database) 
data structure数据结构 
data table 数据表 (for database) 
datagram 数据报文 
DBMS (database management system)数据库管理系统 (for database) 
DCOM (distributed COM)分布式COM 
dead lock 死锁 (for database) 
deallocate 归还 
debug 调试 
debugger 调试器 
decay 退化 
decision support 决策支持 
declaration 声明 
declarative referential integrity (DRI)声明引用完整性(DRI) (for database) 
deduction 推导 
DEFAULT constraint默认约束 (for database) 
default database 默认数据库 (for database) 
default instance 默认实例 (for database) 
default result set 默认结果集 (for database) 
default 缺省、默认值 
defer 推迟 
definition 定义 
delegate 委托 
delegation 委托
dependent name deploy 部署 
dereference 解引用 
dereference operator (提领)运算子 
derived class 派生类 
design by contract 契约式设计 
design pattern 设计模式 
destroy 销毁 
destructor(dtor)析构函数、析构器 
device 设备 
DHTML (dynamic HyperText Markup Language)
动态超文本标记语言 
dialog 对话框 
digest 摘要 
digital 数字的 
DIME (Direct Internet Message Encapsulation)直接
Internet消息封装 
directive (编译)指示符 
directory 目录 
dirty pages脏页 (for database) 
dirty read 脏读 (for database) 
disassembler 反汇编器 
DISCO (Discovery of Web Services)Web Services的查找 
disk 盘 
dispatch 调度、分派、派发(我喜欢“调度”)
 DISPID (Dispatch Identifier)分派标识符 
distributed computing 分布式计算 
distributed query 分布式查询 (for database) 
DNA (Distributed interNet Application) 分布式网间应用程序 
document 文档 
DOM (Document Object Model)文档对象模型 
dot operator (圆)点操作符 
driver 驱动(程序) 
DTD (document type definition) 文档类型定义 
double-byte character set (DBCS)双字节字符集(DBCS) 
dump 转储 
dump file 转储文件 
dynamic cursor 动态游标 (for database) 
dynamic filter 动态筛选 (for database) 
dynamic locking 动态锁定 (for database) 
dynamic recovery 动态恢复 (for database) 
dynamic snapshot 动态快照 (for database) 
dynamic SQL statements 动态SQL语句 (for database) 
dynamic assembly 动态装配件、动态配件 
dynamic binding 动态绑定
--------------------- 
作者:Liu-YanLin 
来源:CSDN 
原文:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_32502511/article/details/78674296 
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,转载请附上博文链接!

 

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